Please Spread the word to go Green with Amazon
Help us Help our Planet with a Donation
Scrap your Car Legally & Green
Click here to open our sister site at www.ATF-Dir.com to ensure you deal with licenced Vehicle Recyclers
Humans have used Wind Power on land and sea for thousands of years
5000 years ago Egyptian’s and Mesopotamian’s used of boats for transport on the Nile, Euphrates and Tigris. One of the earliest known big boats “A Byblos” found buried at Giza and dates from 2500 BC. Made from cedar planks it is 143 feet (44m) long and 20 feet (6m) wide. The worlds tallest wind turbine is 144 meters high. Egypt also used Solar power in the 100 Meter High Pharos lighthouse as it contained a mirror reflecting the sun to help navigation of wind powered ships up to 50 kilometers away.
3000 years ago the Phoenicians became the dominant seafarers with squat and tubby vessels carrying goods and passengers and longer warships (Galleys) with a sharp battering ram propelled by oars, making bursts of speed possible.
Ramming enemy ships was the main tactic of naval warfare in Phoenician, Greek and Roman periods till 2500BC when Greek Ships had 3 banks of oarsmen.
About 2500 years ago The Romans captured a Cartaginian Ship with 5 banks of oars (300 oarsmen) and built a Fleet of Ships i just 2 months. Roman Politicians ordered 100 Ships (5 banks of oars) and 20 Ships (3 Banks of Oar ships).
For 2000 years Wind and Oar power remained the norm in war until 1571 when the battle of Lepanto saw the last sea battle of 550 warships propelled by oars.
Between 1500 and 1000 years ago ships with wind and oar power resulted in Germanic tribes in Viking Longships raiding by sea. It is believed that Vikings actually sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to North America.
450 years ago In 1066 The Bayeux tapestry show that Norman (French) ships were very similar to Viking Ships with a small fortified platform for archers at each end.
At about the same time the Chinese junk had pioneering features being the use of bulkheads, no keel for access to shallow waters and a sternpost rudder which functioned as a keel and rudder. Another feature of Junks was multiple masts on sea going ships (450 feet long) described by Marco Polo as having 4 masts plus 2 more which could be raised when needed.
European cargo ships at the time were slow, tubby and propelled by a single square sail Within less than 50 years 3 masts are standard and 125 feet long and 50 feet wide was not an abnormal size.
The realisation that a smaller sail could go on the same mast so 4 masts, and 8 sails led to the development of the 18th-century East Indiaman. Beautifully carved and gilded, these were the most splendid ships of the time with the largest class, outdoing even the biggest warships at 1200 tons.
The Battle of Trafalgar (1805) between the British Royal Navy and French and Spanish Navies (The Napoleonic Wars) saw just 27 British ships led by Lord Nelson on HMS Victory defeating 37 French and Spanish ships. Amazingly the British lost No ships whilst Sinking 22 Ships of their enemies fleet.
Wind Power on Land
As early as 1700 BC the first machines utilising wind energy were operated in
the orient and windmills for irrigation were used in Mesopotamia The ruins of the windmills (Picture 2) ran for centuries can be seen in Iran and Afghanistan.
WindMills were using the Power of the wind to Grind Grain, Move Water, Lift water from hundreds of feet below ground and utimately produce Electricity in a manner that Reduces our Planets need for Polution increasing Methods.
The total number of wind-powered mills in Europe was estimated to have been around 200,000 at its peak, which is modest compared to some 500,000 waterwheels.
Windmills were applied in regions where there was too little water, where rivers freeze in winter and in flat lands where the flow of the river was too slow to provide the required power.
With the coming of the industrial revolution, the importance of wind and water as primary industrial energy sources declined and were eventually replaced by Steam mills and internal combustion engines.
Although windmills continued to be built in large numbers until late in the nineteenth century. More recently, windmills have been preserved for their historic value, in some cases as static exhibits when the antique machinery is too fragile to put in motion, and in other cases as fully working mills.
Of the 10,000 windmills in use in the Netherlands around 1850 about 1000 are still standing. Most of these are being run by volunteers, though some grist mills are still operating commercially. Many of the drainage mills have been appointed as backup to the modern pumping stations.
The Zaan district has been said to have been the first industrialized region of the world with around 600 operating wind-powered industries by the end of the eighteenth century. Economic fluctuations and the industrial revolution had a much greater impact on these industries than on grain and drainage mills so only very few are left.
People, Espesially the British, look upon Wind Turbines as "Not in my backyard spoiling my view" These are usually members of the "There is no such thing as Climate Change" Brigade.
Maybee the answer in the UK is to build new Wind Turbines in the same style as The De Nolet Wind Turbine / Windmill and if that does not satisy them, then forget their problems and get on building Enought Turbines in the UK to provide all the UK's Power needs and then Export our surplus Electricity.
The worlds fastest wind powererd Land Vehicle is Ecotricity's Greenbird 2
The worlds fastest wind powererd frozen Water Vehicle is Ecotricity's Greenbird 1